What Is the Difference Between Management and Administration?


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Management is the execution of policies developed through effective administration. Each process must be managed at each level to ensure proper administration.

Management and administration are frequently used interchangeably. They are not synonyms and have different functions, but they both have the same goal. We will explain these terms individually and how they differ from one another in this article.

What exactly is management?

Management is concerned with the management of people and their work in order to achieve a common goal. It is a procedure that must be followed at all levels of the organization. The goal is to improve the efficiency of processes, workflow, goals, and objectives. It also aids in achieving the best possible outcome.

Managers are professionals who are involved in management to oversee the entire process. Managers carry out responsibilities in order to properly manage processes. This ensures that all processes, teams, and workflows remain in sync with changing economic, technological, and socio-political changes.

Management is divided into four stages. First, the manager devises strategies to achieve the management’s goals. Once the planning is complete, the manager assembles a team of people with the necessary skills to achieve the goals. In addition, the manager establishes internal processes and structures to successfully implement the plan and achieve the desired results. To ensure that the chosen team performs well, the manager must be a good leader. The entire process must be monitored for successful implementation.

Required for management

Management is essential in any organization for the following reasons:

  • Timely delivery requires that processes, production, and output be completed on time. Proper supervision is essential for this because it can help prevent lags and unwanted disruptions. When things are properly managed, services and products are always delivered on or before time.
  • Less wastage: With a better-managed system, you have a clear idea of what you need and how to complete tasks efficiently. This eliminates the need for additional raw materials, resources, or funds.
  • Decision-Making: Better business decisions are made through proper management. Because everything is in sync, you can make decisions that benefit the business with confidence.
  • Achieving goals: The likelihood of success increases when things are well managed at the functional level. This allows you to complete tasks on time and within budget.
  • Profits: When a business is well-managed, it can produce high-quality goods and services on time and within budget. This allows the company to increase its profits.

What exactly is administration?

Management administration is a subset of management that is a systematic process of managing management. It entails creating plans, procedures, and policies, as well as enforcing rules to achieve goals. On a fundamental level, administration establishes a framework for organizations. More specifically, it involves authorities such as bureaucrats. Top-level management is involved in the administration process. Administrators are in charge of the processes that ensure proper administration.

Required for administration

Whether a for-profit or non-profit organization, proper administration is required to achieve the organization’s goals.

  • Improves efficiency: Good administration ensures that resources are used efficiently. Tasks take less time to complete. This improves workflow efficiency and optimization.
  • Increases Productivity: As the system becomes more efficient, the team can produce more than they could previously. This increases team productivity and improves operations.
  • Fewer errors: If administration is done properly, it ensures proper supervision, which leads to fewer errors by the team. As a result, the system is less prone to errors.

What Is the Difference Between Administration and Management?

The distinctions between administration and management are as follows.

  • Management is the process of overseeing people at all levels. It is done at the micro and macro levels, from an individual to a team. Managers work to ensure a smooth workflow at each level of the hierarchy. On the other hand, the administration is at a higher level, with high-level officials involved. This is done on a large scale.
  • Administration entails developing plans and taking actions to achieve the company’s goals. Management is the process of putting these plans into action in order to achieve the end goal.
  • Administrative functions are of the legislative variety, whereas managerial functions are of the executive variety.
  • Decisions about the people involved in completing a set of tasks are made in administration. This means that administrators decide which professionals are best suited to a given task. Management, on the other hand, entails making decisions on actionable items that will aid in the achievement of that goal.


Management and administration are both critical to achieving the end goal. These two are inextricably linked because administration and management are insufficient without the other. Weak policies and procedures will be created if the system is poorly managed. This will result in poor decisions that will harm everyone from the top to the bottom. Finally, managers will have no idea what path to take to achieve the end goal.

On the other hand, if the administration is strong but the management is weak, the system will be crippled. Even if the policies are effective, their implementation will be poor due to poor management. This will impede the workflow, efficiency, and productivity of the company’s employees.

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